Fowl Cholera (Acute)
birds seem completely healthy one day, and dead the next, there is an fair
chance it is the result of Fowl Cholera.
The disease was first identified in 1736, yet much about the cause,
distribution and treatment of the disease is still not fully known. There are actually two types of FC, acute and
chronic, with similar symptoms, transmission, prevention and treatment. The primary difference is the rate and
extent to which the disease spreads.
Chronic Fowl Cholera incubates longer, spreads more slowly, and affects
fewer birds than Acute FC.
All birds; turkeys and those with
webbed feet are especially susceptible; most commonly found in:
Worldwide, but more common in warm areas. Widespread in the USA.
Typically birds older than 4 months, however it is seen in younger
Bacterium, Pasteurella Multocida
- Can be transmitted by rodents, wild birds & animals
- Carriers have been identified in flocks with no known history of outbreak
- Often the true source can't be identified .
- Once contracted, can be spread through drinking water and/or feces
- Survivors remain carriers
appear healthy one day, dead the next.
has very fast progression.
amounts of discolored diarrhea (usually light green or white)
difficulty w/ rattling sound
joints & feet
wattles and face (warm to the touch)
neck (in turkeys)
disease often reoccurs following the discontinuation of antibiotics, which indicates that the
treatment may not eliminate the bacteria P. Multocida from the flock. Depopulation and disinfection of the coop
and supplies may be required
to completely eliminate Fowl Cholera.
Poultry can be reintroduced after 3-4 weeks.
Yes (click here for more information)
on farms that have experienced a previous outbreak.
requires a series of two shots administered 2-4 weeks apart.
secondary method involves a live culture that is administered in drinking
water, however this method may be less effective.
stress caused by unsanitary conditions.
and dry out coop bedding
problematic and chronic poor drainage areas of soil in the run, especially
still or brackish water.
and external parasites can increase susceptibility.
the coop from wild birds.
any decaying carcasses.
population should be controlled.
infections can increase susceptibility.
Also Known As:
Diseases with similar symptoms:
Duration of symptoms:
(>50%) and up to 100%
Transmission to people: e